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Wednesday, December 9, 2009

Live food composition

This is a summary table of some of the live food that we use to feed white-rumped shama and by no way this is the complete summary of all live food.  I collect the information from multiple website on internet and I know that some information in this table is not the same with other website posted.  I try to use the information that from scientific studied or at least seems to be somewhat scientific studied rather than from live food supplied website.  Each method studied might yield a slightly different result and even the same live food but from different region or different food feeding as caught in the wild or farm raise can give total different quality of fat, protein, etc.  With this tabel, I hope it can shed some new knowledge on which live food is best or which combination of live food is best for our beloved bird.
NOTE: I should clarify that I recently found out that Silkworm pupae has at least 55.3% crude protein which roughly about the same as 9.6% as the collected table below (crude protein = true protein aka organic nitrogent x 6.25 which assumed protein has 16% nitrogen).  I do not know all the protein percentage in the table below is crude or true protein but looks like most of them are true protein or at least calculated based on the moist insect mass not as dried mass.  If calculate as dried mass, crickets should have approx. 64% crude protein based on this article: 
http://www.nagonline.net/Technical%20Papers/NAGFS00397Insects-JONIFEB24,2002MODIFIED.pdf

Fat ( % )
Protein ( % )
Calcium (ppm)
Calcium (mg/100g)
Phosporous (ppm)
Iron (mg/100g)
Vitamin C (mg/kg)
Moisture ( % )
Fiber ( % )
Ash ( % )
Carbohydrates ( % )
Crickets (Acheta domesticus)
6
21
345
21.53
4328
9.5
105.9
71.96
1.29 - 3.2
1.52 - 2.17
3.06
Mealworm (Tenibrio molitor)
13.64
18.65 - 21
133
3.28
3345
N/A
38.1
58.74 - 62.89
2
1.2
3.62 - 4.00
Superworm (Zophoba morio)
14.19 - 17.9
18.92
124 - 173
10.8
2320
N/A
9.8
58.91 - 61.92
2.6
1.29
5.81
Phoenix worm (Hermetia illucens linnaeus)
9.4
17.3
8155
N/A
5355
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
5.81
Roach (B. Laterallis)
5.13
36.5
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
63.63
1.19
N/A
N/A
Wax worm larva (Galleria mellonella)
20.12 - 22.19
15.7
283
13.14
2161
N/A
23.6
61.73
1.6 - 7.69
1.02
2.54
Fly larva
5.96
15.32
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
69.02
2.7
1.24
8.46
Silkworm pupae
5.6
9.6
N/A
41.7
N/A
1.8
N/A
75
N/A
7
2.3
Earthworm (Dendrabaena veneta)
2
10
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
85
N/A
1
N/A
Giant Water Beetle
8.3
19.8
N/A
43.5
N/A
13.6
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
2.1
Red Ant
3.5
13.9
N/A
47.8
N/A
5.7
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
2.9
Small Grasshopper
6.1
20.6
N/A
35.2
N/A
5
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
3.9
Large Grasshopper
3.3
14.3 - 26.8
N/A
27.5
N/A
3
N/A
N/A
2.4
1.2
2.2
Termite
N/A
14.2
N/A
N/A
N/A
35.5
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Beef (lean ground)
16 - 25
27.4
N/A
N/A
N/A
3.5
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
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